PAINTED ICONS

The Technique

Today, as in the past, the icons are written using the same natural materials: wood, canvas, plaster (Gesso), rabbit glue, powder colors - natural earth and precious stones -, egg yolk, wine, gold leaf. These were the elements that made up ancient painting, both in the East and in the West. Currently this technique is being rediscovered thanks to the oriental masters who have made themselves available to teach what their tradition has always preserved and handed down.
The importance of the recovery of ancient techniques derives from two fundamental meanings: first, that all materials have a symbolic meaning, which would be missing if they were replaced with modern products; secondly, that even from a technical point of view the potential of these materials cannot be obtained with other products, most of the times synthetic, therefore devoid of life and light.
These are essentially the reasons why the ancient art of icons showed us, after the restorations of the last half century, masterpieces still intact as they were when they were painted. The goodness of the ingredients used has allowed these paintings to last for centuries and to keep the materialized light present in them unaltered.

PHASES:

On the gessoed background
is traced the drawing, which is subsequently engraved with a point to delimit the spaces to be gilded.

Then proceed with the gilding, which can be carried out in various ways: using the bolus gilding or with the mission method. The gilding has a decorative and even symbolic function: gold symbolizes the created light of God.

The color is applied with the technique called 'of the clearings', which consists of the overlapping of more colors, proceeding from the darker shades to the lighter ones. The shapes are so modeled by light and not by shadow, as is the case for Renaissance European painting. To paint, are used soft and elastic squirrel or marten brushes. First the background colors are spread out in the darkest shade and then we move on to "highlighting", that is to say, increasingly limited areas are lightened, so as to create the sense of volume, as if everything were illuminated from within.

The materials used come from the animal, vegetable and mineral world. The pigments are earths and ochres or minerals such as malachite, lapis lazuli, cinnabar, dioptase, azurite etc. The emulsion with which the colors dissolve is composed of egg yolk, white wine and lavender essence.

The light accentuates the important points that must stand out according to a theological meaning, and signify the transcendence of the represented character, who himself transmits the light, and does not receive it from the outside as in the depictions of Western art.

When the work is completed, the name of the character or episode that the icon represents is written. The inscriptions on the icons are usually in one of the traditional liturgical languages ​​of the Church: Greek, Latin, but also in the current Italian language etc. The generally red border of the icon represents the boundary between the heavenly world and the earthly world.

The last operation consists of the final varnish to protect the painting.

But all this work is not enough for a true icon: without the blessing we would simply have a piece of painted wood. The Church's blessing declares that what is visible in the icon is really present and makes it an effective vehicle of divine grace.

All products
Merciful Christ, 30x50 cm
Merciful Christ, 30x50 cm
Face of Christ with golden hair 21x28 cm
Face of Christ with golden hair 21x28 cm
Christ Pantocrator with arch model G3 15x20
Christ Pantocrator with arch model G3 15x20
Christ Pantocrator model R3 40x65 cm
Christ Pantocrator model R3 40x65 cm
Icon Christ Pantocrator 21x35 cm with arch
Icon Christ Pantocrator 21x35 cm with arch
Face of Christ, Mandiglion 24x32 cm
Face of Christ, Mandiglion 24x32 cm
Icon Christ Pantocrator 24x32 cm
Icon Christ Pantocrator 24x32 cm
Icon of Christ Pantocrator of Sinai, 25x35 cm
Icon of Christ Pantocrator of Sinai, 25x35 cm
Icon, Christ Pantocrator 24x32 cm with floral decorations
Icon, Christ Pantocrator 24x32 cm with floral decorations
Miniature Angel with blue and green mantle 10x13 cm with bow
Miniature Angel with blue and green mantle 10x13 cm with bow
Miniature Angel with white mantle 10x13 cm with bow
Miniature Angel with white mantle 10x13 cm with bow
Miniature Angel 12x12 cm golden background
Miniature Angel 12x12 cm golden background
Virgin of Vladimir 13x17 cm
Virgin of Vladimir 13x17 cm
Face of Mother of God 13x17 cm, single
Face of Mother of God 13x17 cm, single
Mother of God Odighitria 25x30 cm
Mother of God Odighitria 25x30 cm
Mother of God of Novgorod tenderness 25x35 cm
Mother of God of Novgorod tenderness 25x35 cm
Mother of God of Tenderness model G1 25x35 cm
Mother of God of Tenderness model G1 25x35 cm
Mother of God enthroned 36x58 cm
Mother of God enthroned 36x58 cm
Icon, Mother of God Elousa 25x35 cm
Icon, Mother of God Elousa 25x35 cm
Icon, Mother Theotokos 35x45 cm
Icon, Mother Theotokos 35x45 cm
Icon, Virgin of Tenderness 30x40 cm
Icon, Virgin of Tenderness 30x40 cm
Ikone, Gottesmutter von Kasan 20x25 cm
Ikone, Gottesmutter von Kasan 20x25 cm
Icon, Mother of God of Tenderness Vladimir 20x30 cm
Icon, Mother of God of Tenderness Vladimir 20x30 cm
Icon, Mother of the sweet embrace 21x35 cm with bow
Icon, Mother of the sweet embrace 21x35 cm with bow
Vladimir Icon Mother of God 25x38 cm
Vladimir Icon Mother of God 25x38 cm
Icon Mother of God of Tenderness 24x32 cm
Icon Mother of God of Tenderness 24x32 cm
Icon Mother of God of Perpetual Help, 30x40 cm
Icon Mother of God of Perpetual Help, 30x40 cm
Icon Mother of God of Tenderness (Cretan model) 24x32 cm
Icon Mother of God of Tenderness (Cretan model) 24x32 cm
Icon, Virgin Eleousa of Kykkos, 25x35 cm
Icon, Virgin Eleousa of Kykkos, 25x35 cm
Icon Mother of God Hodegetria 30x40 cm
Icon Mother of God Hodegetria 30x40 cm
Nativity icon, Virgin Mary with baby Jesus 24x32 cm
Nativity icon, Virgin Mary with baby Jesus 24x32 cm
Icon of the Nativity, Virgin Mary with baby Jesus 18x24 cm
Icon of the Nativity, Virgin Mary with baby Jesus 18x24 cm
Mother of God of Tenderness Icon 19.5x25.5 cm
Mother of God of Tenderness Icon 19.5x25.5 cm
Archangel Michael 20x30 cm with arch
Archangel Michael 20x30 cm with arch
Archangel Michael 15x20 cm
Archangel Michael 15x20 cm
Guardian angel 20x30 cm with arch
Guardian angel 20x30 cm with arch
Icon, Guardian Angel 20x25 cm
Icon, Guardian Angel 20x25 cm
Archangel Michael icon 42x70 cm
Archangel Michael icon 42x70 cm
Archangel Raphael Icon 30x45 cm, painted
Archangel Raphael Icon 30x45 cm, painted
Face of John the Baptist 13x17 cm, single
Face of John the Baptist 13x17 cm, single
St. Francis icon 20x50 cm with arch
St. Francis icon 20x50 cm with arch
Icon of St. Joseph and the child Jesus 24x32 cm
Icon of St. Joseph and the child Jesus 24x32 cm
Icon Saint George and the dragon, hand painted, 30x40 cm
Icon Saint George and the dragon, hand painted, 30x40 cm
Icon of Saint Pio of Pietralcina, 24x32 cm
Icon of Saint Pio of Pietralcina, 24x32 cm
Icon of Saint John Paul II, 25x30 cm
Icon of Saint John Paul II, 25x30 cm
Crocifisso Giunta Pisano di Pisa h 43 cm
Crocifisso Giunta Pisano di Pisa h 43 cm
Croce di San Damiano h. 212 cm con basamento in ferro
Croce di San Damiano h. 212 cm con basamento in ferro
Cristo in Croce altezza 200 cm, con basamento e croce sostenitiva
Cristo in Croce altezza 200 cm, con basamento e croce sostenitiva
Crucifix of Fucecchio h. 30 cm
Crucifix of Fucecchio h. 30 cm
Crucifix by Giunta Pisano of San Domenico, h. 34cm, painted
Crucifix by Giunta Pisano of San Domenico, h. 34cm, painted
San Damiano crucifix h 38 cm painted
San Damiano crucifix h 38 cm painted
Resurrection, Anastasis 39.5x55 cm
Resurrection, Anastasis 39.5x55 cm
Deesis, trittico mod. L4 20x25 cm
Deesis, trittico mod. L4 20x25 cm
Trinity icon 32x40 cm
Trinity icon 32x40 cm
Holy Family Icon, size 20x20 cm
Holy Family Icon, size 20x20 cm
Icon of flight into Egypt Holy Family 35x45 cm
Icon of flight into Egypt Holy Family 35x45 cm
Holy Family icon, faces, arch 40x30 cm
Holy Family icon, faces, arch 40x30 cm
Holy Family icon 30x28 cm with arch
Holy Family icon 30x28 cm with arch
Holy Family icon, arch 35x33 cm, smooth
Holy Family icon, arch 35x33 cm, smooth

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Riforma e tradizione. 1050 - 1197
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L'uomo della croce. Una storia per immagini, pg. 512
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Luce del tuo Volto, pg. 430
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Arte bizantina e postbizantina a Venezia, pg. 233
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